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Area                              30,370,000 km 2
Population.                   1.2 billion [1] (2016, 2nd )
Population density     36.4/km 2 (94/sq mi)
Demonym:                    African
Countries:                     54 (and 2 disputed)

Africa is the world’s second largest continent, made up of 54 countries located on both its mainland and islands. The continent covers about 30.22 million km2 (11.67 million sq mi) of land area and is potentially the world’s largest trade zone.
Africa nations are increasing the skills and knowledge base of their populations and providing increasing potential for improving resource management. Citizens likewise are equally demanding better governance and greater accountability for national resources, and across the continent skilled, savvy, and entrepreneurial Africans are stepping up with innovative transnational and global visions to impact our world.

In terms of natural resources, Africa is the world’s richest continent. It has 50% of the world’s gold, most of the world’s diamonds and chromium, 90% of the cobalt, 40% of the world’s potential hydroelectric power, 65% of the manganese, millions of acres of untilled farmland, as well as other natural resources.

Africa’s average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; [4][5] the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. [6] Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population.

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