Countries in Africa

Countries in Africa

Africa is the second largest continent in the world, both by land area and population. By land area, Algeria is the largest country on the continent. By population, Nigeria is the largest. Africa is one of the few continents that is mostly defined simply by the bodies of water which surround it.Africa is bordered to the West by the Atlantic Ocean. To the East you will find the boundary set by the Indian Ocean. To the South, the Southern Ocean gives Africa is “V” shape. To the North, the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea define its boundaries.

Numbers of Countries

Different sources quote Africa as having either 54 to 56 countries. The variation is a result of disputed territories and inconsistencies around the inclusion of island nations off the coast of Africa. The African Union recognizes 54 countries while the United Nations recognizes 54 as well. They, unfortunately, do not recognize the same 54 nations. Both the United Nations and the African Union have slight variations in their inclusions of countries. For example, Morocco is part of the United Nations but not a member of the African Union. The recently created region of Western Sahara is recognized by the African Union but not by the United Nations.

Africa is commonly divided into five regions or subregions , four of which are in sub-saharan Africa. The five UN subregion are:

Northern Africa

Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Tunisia
Western Sahara
Eastern Africa

Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique
Reunion
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
Tanzania
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Central Africa

Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
São Tomé and Príncipe
Western Africa

Benin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Ivory Coast
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Saint Helena
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Southern Africa

Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland

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