Marrakech, Morocco – Leaders from 164 countries have agreed to a global pact that sets in action a plan “to prevent suffering and chaos” for global migration despite opposition and several withdrawals, including from the United States, International news site Aljazeera reports.
The adoption was another formal step, and in January the pact will be formalized by the UN General Assembly approved. Its objectives include the integrated management of borders and giving migrants access to basic services.
The UN pact, which is not legally binding, has been shunned by some countries including the US, Australia and at least six EU nations.
Only 164 of the 193 UN member states agreed to the pact, including Germany. In contrast, among others were the EU members Hungary, Austria, Poland and the Czech Republic.
With the exception of the US, all United Nations countries had approved the agreement in July. In recent weeks, more and more countries have expressed doubts and announced resistance to the agreement. Many fear a loss of sovereignty
Critics fear it will increase migration but the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said the pact was based on co-operation and regulating migration.
He called it a source of “collective shame” that 60,000 migrants had died on perilous journeys since the year 2000.
All 193 UN members, except the United States, finalised the pact in July.
There were 258 million international migrants in the world last year, increasing almost 50 percent since 2000, according to the UN.
From the US to Europe and beyond, right-wing leaders have taken increasingly draconian measures to shut out migrants in recent years.